19 February 2010Developing countries with energy intensive industries will benefit from a United Nations-backed project launched today to draw up a technological blueprint for capturing and storing global warming gas emissions, a crucial step in averting dangerous climate change. “There still remain significant knowledge gaps in moving towards commercial implementation of carbon capture and storage (CCS), especially in industry,” UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Director-General Kandeh K. Yumkella said in Vienna in announcing the global technology road map for CCS for industrial processes.“This project will help address these obstacles by developing a technology roadmap for CCS across different industry sectors, and assist developing countries in their transition to a low-carbon economy.” UNIDO, which is entrusted with accelerating environmentally sustainable industrial development in poorer countries, has teamed up with the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the Global Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Institute, an independent legal entity launched by the Australian Government in 2009, in the €500,000 project, which is expected to be completed by the end of the year.Recent studies suggest that CCS could contribute about 20 per cent of the global mitigation needed for halving global greenhouse gases by 2050, a reduction that scientists believe is necessary to prevent dangerous climate change. While there has been significant effort in assessing such technology in the context of power generation, considerably less attention has been paid to industrial applications despite the significant potential for emission reductions. The project will provide a vision of industrial CCS storage up to 2050, to be implemented in close cooperation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), an intergovernmental organization that acts as energy policy adviser to 28 mainly industrialized countries. The road map will inform policymakers and investors about the potential of CCS and the practical milestones that need to be achieved to realize that potential.“Industrial activity accounts for a large part of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the world, and is increasing in developing countries,” Norwegian Minister of Petroleum and Energy Terje Riis-Johansen said. “CO2 management is important to reduce emissions from these sources. Our support to this project will help facilitate increased use of CO2-management within the industry in developing countries.”Global CCS Institute chief Nick Otter noted that many people think of CCS as a greenhouse mitigation option for coal-fired power stations only. “They don’t realize that CCS is a greenhouse mitigation option for any large industrial source of CO2. There is therefore a need for industrial sector-specific analysis,” he said. “Developing countries need to be part of the solution, so it is essential they are involved.” read more

There are some huge opportunities for improvements in moving enterprise services to the infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) cloud, but there are some equally daunting challenges — both technical and operational. IaaS ChallengesHowever, IaaS is not without its challenges. As already mentioned, the IT operations team will need to embark on some significant professional development, but there are some technical challenges too. Dedicated vs. Shared Cloud Voice Services Darin Ward October 03, 2019 When moving voice to the cloud, many service providers tout their dedicated solutions. But is “dedicated” all that it’s cracked up to be? Hyping Up Hybrid: Making the Case Ryan Daily September 05, 2019 With the race to the cloud heating up, some enterprises aren’t dashing to the finish line with the same intensity – opting instead for a “hybrid” pace. These multitenant subscription-based services vary between providers but often include basic services like DNS, systems logging, and monitoring. Some offer expanded functionality like robust authentication, communications, database, IoT, and artificial intelligence (AI) systems (to name a few). The basic services will simplify data center deployment, and the expanded services can be exploited for improved operations throughout the organization. To improve operations, agility, and scalability, there are three most important differences that enterprises can take advantage of: Are We Heading for Cloud in a Box? Tom Nolle September 26, 2019 As the cloud craze continues, enterprises are looking for simplified “in a box” cloud solutions to address their communication and collaboration needs. 2. Application Compatibility: The fundamental change in design to use parallelized network systems for capacity will also require changes at the application level. Applications can no longer rely on session state to maintain the unique experience for an end user. Applications must store state independently from network sessions, which may require fundamental changes to applications and databases. This change could enable geo-redundancy of application services. 5 Ways Cloud UCC Changed the Workforce Mark Roberts September 16, 2019 The UCC digital renaissance has come and stayed. Now, enterprises are fine tuning their networks to better engage employees and customers. Comparing IaaS and a private data center is fairly difficult in itself. There are more differences than there are similarities. The similarities essentially end after you refer to them both as virtual environments. An argument could be made that this is not even similar, as most private data centers only virtualize the compute and storage, whereas the major IaaS providers virtualize nearly everything, including services, network, and the data center itself. Infrastructure as code (IaC) is the process of managing and provisioning systems using either scripts or declarative definitions, rather than manual interactive processes. The big three IaaS vendors provide a Web interface to facilitate the development of the scripts, but it’s the scripts that set up and configure the systems. Tightly coupled and usually fully integrated is the concept of software-defined networking (SDN). SDN is an approach to managing and provisioning network configuration and data flows, replacing traditional network functionality. The big three IaaS providers have developed their own SDN implementations that function differently but offer some significantly new functionality. The SDN implementations are a complete recreation of the network stack that allows for new forms of expanded redundancy with discreet segmentation of networks in a multitenant environment. “SCTC Perspectives” is written by members of the Society of Communications Technology Consultants, an international organization of independent information and communications technology professionals serving clients in all business sectors and government worldwide.Tags:Best PracticesIaaSAmazonMicrosoftGooglepublic cloudCloud CommunicationsConsultant PerspectivesDeployment ModelsEnterprise NetworkingHosted CommunicationsMonitoring, Management and SecurityOrganization & ManagementSCTCSecurity Articles You Might Like 5 Steps for A Seamless Contact Center Cloud Migration Elizabeth Magill September 09, 2019 Ensuring that IT and business teams are on the same page before, during, and after the process is key to a successful migration. See All in Cloud Communications » Murphy_IaaS_774.png Multitenant services is perhaps the biggest difference, with the most potential for operational efficiencies. As the big three IaaS providers have matured their services, they have developed a wide range of multitenant services that can be incorporated into enterprise operations. These services are clustered, highly available, fully segregated between tenants, and can provide significant savings to IT operations. The IT industry is seeing a fundamental shift to the public cloud providers to enable agility and scalability. Don’t get caught up in the industry hype. Step back and develop a well-thought-out approach to the migration and make sure your management and operations teams understand the potential opportunities and challenges. These multitenant services are made possible by the new SDN and IaC technologies that allow them to be segmented and isolated between tenants. Enterprises can take advantage of operational efficiency gains from these services, as they can be dynamically deployed and scaled, and have low operations overhead, as new features, patching, and upgrades are included in the services. Demand for public cloud infrastructure, or IaaS, is expected to grow 36.8% in 2018, according to Gartner. IaaS refers to the basic computing, networking, and storage services supplied by the big three providers: Amazon, Microsoft, and Google. The cloud allows your infrastructure to scale dynamically but requires a fundamentally different approach than premises-based infrastructure. You cannot do everything the same as you did in a private data center. 3. Security: A common myth with respect the IaaS public cloud is that security is taken care of by the cloud provider. The major cloud providers do provide tools for security, but the tools are relatively simplistic in comparison to the next-generation security tools being deployed in many private data centers, particularly with respect to perimeter security (firewalls). Many of the next-generation firewall providers have developed firewall virtual appliances that can be incorporated into the public cloud provider’s infrastructure to improve perimeter security. Keep in mind that these systems also need to be parallelized with multiple instances. The security upside is that most of the cloud IaaS providers have other security tool sets, such as security logging and monitoring capabilities, included or available in the platform. There are also new security providers that are designing fresh approaches to security that take advantage of the parallelized nature of the cloud data centers. Many of these are early stages but should be watched as they mature, as they may offer some significant opportunities. sctcperspective_Small.png The most significant challenges will likely be: IT operations can take this a step further and incorporate automation with these scripts to programmatically grow or shrink the enterprise infrastructure on demand. A further step down this road would allow IT operations to prepare a series of scripts that could deploy all of the systems required to run the company. An added benefit is that the big three IaaS providers allow you to extend this concept across multiple physical data centers for geo-redundancy. This should improve disaster recovery (DR) and simplify many IT aspects of business continuity plans (BCP). 1. Provisioning of Network Capacity: The major cloud providers can provide good network performance up to about 1Gbps per individual data path. This is in stark contrast to the 100+Gbps data paths private data centers have available through hardware-based networking. The solution is to use the parallel connection stream capabilities of SDN. This requires the scalable use of parallel load balancers, firewalls, and server instances to deploy networks in a parallel fashion. These differences require your IT operations team to have a very different approach and skill sets, but at the same time, IaaS opens the door for some significant improvements to operational efficiencies and costs. Zeroing in on OpportunitiesAt first glance, moving to IaaS may not sound like a significant advantage to an organization. However, the move presents a significant opportunity for operational improvements. Most importantly, it will allow IT operations staff to deploy systems in a very repeatable way. A simple example: For a system that requires more than one Web server to handle the organization’s capacity requirements, multiple identical Web servers can be deployed by simply re-running the same script. cloudtechnology_774.png Infrastructure as CodeSoftware-Defined NetworkingMultitenant ServicesThese differences will require IT operations teams to step back and develop a well-thought-out design and approach. Log in or register to post comments IaaS Conceptual Design read more