“It is projected that the next generation of computer chips will produce localized heat flux over 10 MW/m2, with the total power exceeding 300 W. No existing low-cost cooling device can effectively manage the heat produced at this level,” asserts the Letter. The study will accelerate the development of next generation of cooling devices that incorporate nanofluids for ultrahigh-heat-flux electronic systems.The results of the experiment show that when an oscillating heat pipe (OHP) is charged with a nanofluid, the ability of the OHP to transport heat increases. As this experiment illustrates, finding more efficient cooling for the next generation of computer chips, microchips, and electronic devices is under way. As society desires its gadgets to shrink ever smaller resulting in high power density, teams that work to develop the technology will find themselves in high demand. “There are lots of applications that come from this experiment,” says Ma. “We really need to develop this further.”While neither the study of nanofluids nor the study of OHPs is anything new, combining the unique features of each is an innovative approach. “Here we use a nanofluid and an oscillating motion. The oscillating motions make the nanoparticles suspend in the base liquid. This is unique.” says Ma. “No cooling device has been made using a nanofluid-charged OHP, but the development of such a device is now a few steps closer, and with it the enabling ability to take our technology even farther than it has already gone.”The unique characteristics of both nanofluids and OHPs contribute to the fitness of such devices for cooling functions. Traditional liquids have much lower thermal conductivities than nanofluids. Additionally, nanofluids have strong temerpature-dependent thermal conductivity, as well as showing a non-linear relationship between thermal conductivity and concentration. These particular features, which belong to fluids that exist on the nanoscale, make them high performance conductors with an increase in critical heat flux.Oscillating heat pipes have their own set of unique features. First of all, an OHP is known as an “active” cooling device. It takes intense heat from a high-power device and turns it into kinetic energy of fluids. Additionally, with an OHP, liquid flow and vapor flow move in the same direction, so neither phase interferes with the other. Because the flow in an OHP is one that oscillates from a thermally driven flow, there are some blank surfaces that appear along the pipe. This allows for enhanced evaporating and condensing heat transfer. So, while the OHP already has good heat transporting ability, the addition of a nanofluid can enhance the ability of the OHP significantly. In this particular experiment, the nanofluids used contained diamond nanoparticles. The diamond particles were introduced into high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) water. HPLC water is water that is specially purified and that has a low organic carbon content. Even though diamond particles might settle in liquid without motion, the movement of an OHP keeps those particles from settling, allowing them to remain suspended.While the experiment shows that the nanofluid-charged OHP has increased efficiency, the ‘why’ behind the fact has yet to be discovered. “We know some of the reasons,” explains Ma, “but not all. We are trying to find the reason for the higher efficiency transfer. We’re not entirely sure why the efficiency increases so much after we add the nanoparticles.”The results from this experiment are encouraging to those who are studying ways to effectively reduce the size of electronics while increasing their output, as it points to a technique that can used for effective cooling. As the letter puts it: “This study on a nanofluid OHP will advance the state of the art in nanofluid applications…”By Miranda Marquit, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.com “This is the next generation of cooling devices,” Dr. Hongbin Ma tells PhysOrg.com. With a group of students at the University of Missouri-Columbia, and colleagues at Argonne National Laboratory and Intel Corporation, Ma presents the findings of a unique cooling device that makes use of an Oscillating Heat Pipe (OHP) and nanofluids. The findings, published online at Applied Physics Letters on April 5th, present a breakthrough that will provide a way for cooling technology to keep pace with developments in electronic technology. Citation: Future Computer Chips Could Be Cooled With Nanofluid (2006, April 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-04-future-chips-cooled-nanofluid.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Most computers today store memory electronically, by maintaining a certain voltage. In contrast, a new kind of memory that stores data thermally, by maintaining temperature, is being investigated by researchers Lei Wang of the National University of Singapore and the Renmin University of China, and Baowen Li of the National University of Singapore and the NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering. Citation: Scientists Propose Thermal Memory to Store Data (2009, January 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-01-scientists-thermal-memory.html Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. In recent years, thermal research has improved scientists’ understanding of heat conduction on a molecular level. Scientists have created theoretical models of some thermal devices, including a thermal transistor and logic gate, both by Wang and Li in 2006 and 2007, respectively. This kind of work has opened the doors to the new subject of “phononics” – the science and engineering of processing information with heat. In the current study, Wang and Li take the field of phononics one step further and show the feasibility of a thermal memory that can store data with heat. The scientists predict that such a heat memory could be experimentally realized in the foreseeable future with rapidly advancing nanotechnology. Their work is published in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.As Wang and Li explain, any thermally insulated system might be a candidate for thermal memory since it maintains its temperature (data) for a long time. Still, any system will face the challenge of unavoidable perturbation when the temperature is measured (when the data is read). Due to energy exchange between the thermometer and the system, the system won’t be able to naturally recover its original temperature after the data reading. To solve this problem, the researchers suggest using a thermal circuit capable of producing two steady states, which is connected to a power supply from an external heat bath.Wang and Li’s thermal memory consists of a single particle sandwiched between two lattice segments, each consisting of about 50 atoms. These left and right segments are connected to heat baths at different fixed temperatures, and the central particle is connected to a control heat bath that can be set to “on” or “off.” The particle’s chosen state can remain unchanged for a long time even after the heat bath is removed. The particle and the segments are also weakly coupled together by harmonic springs. This memory system, the researchers explain, can perform a complete write-read process. The “writer” is made of a lattice of about 10 particles, connected to the central particle by a linear spring. The other end of the writer is connected to a heat bath. Depending on the supply from the heat bath, the writer can either cool the particle to the off state or heat it to the on state. To read the data, a thermometer (made of the same lattice as the writer) is connected to the central particle. Unlike the writer, the reader is not connected to a heat bath, but is set to a temperature between the on and off states. If the particle is in the on (hot) state, the reader will heat up; if the particle is off (cool), the reader cools down. Of course, the particle’s temperature will also change when exposed to the medium-temperature reader. But the heat baths connected to the left and right segments will either absorb the particle’s excess heat or warm the particle, so that the particle recovers its original temperature (and state) in either case.The researchers calculated that, when the writer is removed, the system can maintain its state for a relatively long time, although an ideal thermal memory is impossible due to thermal fluctuations. However, by refreshing the data (similar to how voltage data is regularly refreshed in dynamic random access memory [DRAM]), thermal memory can achieve a lifetime long enough for practical applications. The scientists also noted that the lifetime can be extended further by combining identical memories together.By theoretically demonstrating the possibility of a thermal memory that is self-recoverable after being read by a thermometer, Wang and Li hope that computers will one day reap the benefits of thermal technology.More information: Wang, Lei and Li, Baowen. “Thermal Memory: A Storage of Phononic Information.” Physical Review Letters 101, 267203 (2008).© 2009 PhysOrg.com Controlling heat and particle currents in nanodevices by quantum observation
Explore further The process involves mixing superparamagnetic manganese ferrite colloidal nanoparticles with individual molecules or monomers that make up the cellulose fibers in paper products or other nonwoven materials and getting them to connect, forming polymers, by submersion in a liquid solution. This process causes a thin shell to form around each fiber. The result is a solution that when applied to paper produces a final product that is both waterproof and magnetic. The team says they’ve also found that the amount of nanoparticles used in the process can be varied to adjust the degree of magnetism the paper will have.By adjusting the kinds of nanoparticles used in creating their solution, the team has found that the resultant paper can be made to demonstrate other properties as well. Using silver nanoparticles for example, allows for creating paper that is resistant to bacteria. Similarly, florescent paper can be made using other substances. There also exists the possibility of mixing up the ingredients to create paper that demonstrates several of the properties, or conceivably all of them at once.While the advantages of waterproof paper are obvious, the team notes that making paper magnetic could be useful for security applications such as when making bank notes or even currency. Also, paper that has antibacterial properties could be used in medical applications or food preparations, or perhaps with currency as well seeing as how many studies have shown that paper money carries all manner of bugs that can make people sick. Florescent paper could be used in security applications but also would likely have a lot of other uses such as in making posters that don’t require a black-light to create eerie effects, documents that could be read in the dark, or as a means of encoding data that only appears when the lights are turned out.The team points out that because the paper as a whole is not being coated, the paper produced from the process retains all of its normal properties. Thus, it can still be written or printed on with normal pens and printers. Also, they say, the solution they create can be applied to paper that already exists, allowing users to change the properties of already printed books, magazines, documents or virtually any other paper product. Citation: Research team uses nanoparticles to make paper waterproof and magnetic (2012, April 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-04-team-nanoparticles-paper-waterproof-magnetic.html Study improves understanding of method for creating multi-metal nanoparticles © 2012 Phys.Org More information: J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 1662-1666. DOI: 10.1039/C1JM14755B (Phys.org) — Researchers at the Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia in Genoa, led by Roberto Cingolani, have devised a means for connecting cellulose fibers in ordinary paper with nanoparticles resulting in new desired properties, such as paper that is waterproof and magnetic, florescent or averse to bacteria. The team has published a paper describing their process in the Journal of Materials Chemistry. Journal information: Journal of Materials Chemistry This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Credit: NASA (Phys.org)—Members of the International Astronomical Union have voted to approve a change to the definition of the famous “astronomical unit” aka, AU, from one based on variable data, to a definite number. The change has been a long time coming and will allow those in the field to describe their work more easily and will allow professors to forego the lengthy explanation of the prior definition to new students. New solar system formation models indicate that Jupiter’s foray robbed Mars of mass Citation: IAU votes to redefine the astronomical unit – giving it a constant value (2012, September 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-09-iau-votes-redefine-astronomical-constant.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2012 Phys.org The AU is at its root a measure of the distance between the Earth and the sun; which was first calculated by the famous astronomer Giovanni Cassini who noted the position of Mars while standing in Paris and compared it to its angle in the sky when viewed from a site in South America at the same moment in time. Using parallax he was able to come up with a very close estimate of just how far the Earth was from Mars, and then the Earth from the sun, which he said should be about 140 million kilometers. That eerily accurate figure came to be used throughout astronomy as a standard for describing distances in the visible solar system. To make it more accurate, the calculation was changed in 1976 to include a tie to the sun’s mass, which for newcomers to the field only made things more difficult to understand. It also didn’t take into account the fact that the sun is gradually shrinking.Subsequent new developments in science and technology have led to much more precise ways to measure the distance between solar objects, which served to make using the old calculation even more obsolete. The only reason it’s lingered as long as it has, astronomers say, is because everyone was used to it and thought changing things might be too disruptive.That line of thinking apparently gave away to common sense at the latest meeting of the IAU, as members voted to make the AU an exact 149,597,870,700 meters, which is the average mean distance between the Earth and sun when viewed from the Earth. This last point is important because the old calculation violated Einstein’s Theory of Relativity in that using it should have given different answers depending on where the measurement was taken, i.e. from different objects in the solar system.Most in the field seem to be relieved to finally have the AU changed to a constant, believing it will help make their work more accurate and because it will, of course, require a lot less explaining to those new to astronomy. Explore further
Explore further (Phys.org) —Researchers from the University of Kentucky have identified 14 molecular markers in bedbug genes commonly associated with resistance to pyrethroid, the most popular pesticide used to control them. In their paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, the team describes how they compared genes from pyrethroid resistant bedbugs found in the Los Angeles area, to those from other areas of the country that had not yet developed a resistance, and as a result were able to identify 14 gene markers, that are associated with resistance to the pesticide. Bedbugs have been in the news of late as outbreaks have occurred in cities throughout the world. They are parasites that feed on the blood of their hosts and leave behind itchy rashes. Efforts to eradicate them have become less effective as the pesticide most commonly used to kill them—pyrethroid—has become less lethal in some areas as the bugs develop resistance to it. In this new effort, the research team compared the genes of bedbugs found in the Los Angeles area that were known to have developed a resistance, with bedbug gene samples from 20 populations from other parts of the country that thus far, have not. In so doing, they found 14 markers, which they report, mostly involve the bugs’ outer shell, which serves as a barrier, preventing the toxin from reaching the inner body, allowing it to survive.The markers found by the researchers represent genes responsible for a variety of outer shell properties such as shell thickness, enzyme levels involved in metabolizing pyrethroid, etc. They also found that the markers represented two categories of defense, those responsible for neutralizing the pesticide before it could reach sensitive areas, and those that physically prevented the chemical from gaining entry to the body in the first place. Taken together, the markers represent a formidable line of defense that has evolved with bedbugs that helps them survive in a hostile environment.Because bedbugs are evolving in ways that make them resistant to current pesticides, researchers are looking for other ways to kill them—learning more about the ways they are evolving that help them survive doses of pyrethroid gives researchers a better picture of what is occurring, which will hopefully result in revealing an unknown vulnerability that could be exploited for use in a new kind of pesticide. Journal information: Scientific Reports More information: Bed bugs evolved unique adaptive strategy to resist pyrethroid insecticides, Scientific Reports 3, 1456, doi:10.1038/srep01456AbstractRecent advances in genomic and post-genomic technologies have facilitated a genome-wide analysis of the insecticide resistance-associated genes in insects. Through bed bug, Cimex lectularius transcriptome analysis, we identified 14 molecular markers associated with pyrethroid resistance. Our studies revealed that most of the resistance-associated genes functioning in diverse mechanisms are expressed in the epidermal layer of the integument, which could prevent or slow down the toxin from reaching the target sites on nerve cells, where an additional layer of resistance (kdr) is possible. This strategy evolved in bed bugs is based on their unique morphological, physiological and behavioral characteristics and has not been reported in any other insect species. RNA interference-aided knockdown of resistance associated genes showed the relative contribution of each mechanism towards overall resistance development. Understanding the complexity of adaptive strategies employed by bed bugs will help in designing the most effective and sustainable bed bug control methods. Citation: Researchers identify genes involved in bedbug pesticide resistance (2013, March 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-03-genes-involved-bedbug-pesticide-resistance.html © 2013 Phys.org Entomologists make important discovery regarding insecticide resistance in bed bugs This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
(Phys.org)—A trio of researchers working in Germany has discovered that male spiders do indeed have nerves in their genitalia, overturning prior research that has suggested otherwise. In their paper published in The Royal Society Biology Letters, Elisabeth Lipke, Jörg Hammel and Peter Michalik describe the various techniques they used to discover nerves in the arachnid palpal organ and their ideas on what purpose they serve. Citation: Nerves found to exist in male spider genitalia (2015, July 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-07-nerves-male-spider-genitalia.html Explore further More information: First evidence of neurons in the male copulatory organ of a spider (Arachnida, Araneae) The Royal Society Biology Letters, Published 8 July 2015.DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0465AbstractSpider males have evolved a remarkable way of transferring sperm by using a modified part of their pedipalps, the so-called palpal organ. The palpal organ is ontogenetically derived from tarsal claws; however, no nerves, sensory organs or muscles have been detected in the palpal bulb so far, suggesting that the spider male copulatory organ is numb and sensorily blind. Here, we document the presence of neurons and a nerve inside the male palpal organ of a spider for the first time. Several neurons that are located in the embolus are attached to the surrounding cuticle where stresses and strains lead to a deformation (stretching) of the palpal cuticle on a local scale, suggesting a putative proprioreceptive function. Consequently, the male copulatory organ of this species is not just a numb structure but likely able to directly perceive sensory input during sperm transfer. In addition, we identified two glands in the palpal organ, one of which is located in the embolus (embolus gland). The embolus gland appears to be directly innervated, which could allow for rapid modulation of secretory activity. Thus, we hypothesize that the transferred seminal fluid can be modulated to influence female processes. Cutting a bugs’ penis shorter found to reduce reproduction chances Araneus diadematus. Credit: André Karwath/Wikipedia © 2015 Phys.org For many years scientists have believed that the palpal organ in male spiders—the organ responsible for delivering sperm to the female spider—had no nerves in it. That would mean that the male would not be able to feel anything during intercourse, which some observers have likened to attempting sex with a fingernail in the dark. It appears prior researchers did not look hard enough, however, because the trio working on this new effort report that they have found evidence of nerves in the palpal organ.To make their discovery, the team first cut up several of the organs (from a male Tasmanian cave spider) into extremely thin slices. They then looked at the samples using three different types of microscopes, one of which was a transmission electron microscope—and that allowed them to spot a tiny nerve. More work revealed two clusters of nerves in the bulb. They also spotted two previously unknown glands also in the palpal bulb which appeared to be connected the nerves they found. Using data from the microscopes, the team built a 3D model of the palpal showing where the nerves are in the organ.The researchers suggest that the nerves in the palpal bulb might serve to allow the male spider to feel stress on the organ during copulation, helping to improve placement and thus chances of successful fertilization. It is also possible, they note, that the nerves help with guiding the palpal to the female sex organ. They believe that it is unlikely that such nerves exist only in the species they studied, which means other spiders likely have them too. More research will be needed to find out. The team also plans to study the nerves they found to see if they can determine their true purpose. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Theatre veteran, actor and director Nadira Zaheer Babbar hits the capital stage with her entourage to recreate the era of 1950s. Actor Anup Soni and Juhi Babbar Soni would play the leading roles in the three plays set for the Capital’s stage from 18 to 20 July at Shri Ram Centre. Delve in the charms of 50s with these three plays, namely, Salaam 1950s ke naam, Begum Jaan and Yeh hai Mumbai Meri Jaan. Written and directed by Nadira Babbar, Salaam.. 1950s ke naam Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’ will be staged on 18 July, to portrays Nadira’s undying love and immense admiration for the cinema of 1950s. Interlaced with ingredients such as star-crossed lovers, revengeful thakurs and kabeelawalas (tribesmen), love triangles, family ties, sacrifice, shrewd and conniving villains and vamps, friends with hearts of gold, loyal munims, comedian’s love tracks, long-lost over dues and lovers separated by fate, dramatic reversals in love and convenient coincidences, this play is a new tribute to the golden era of 1950s. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixBegum Jaan, set for 19 July, is the story of a legendary classical singer of yesteryears. The play revolves around the interpersonal relationship amongst the three characters: the extremely witty old lady Begum Jaan, her grand daughter Zarina and Sanjay Pande, a journalist who comes into their lives.The play is a reflection of the changing face of India, from pre-independence days to its current state, through Begum Jaan’s narration of various events in her life. The last play in the series, Yeh hai Mumbai Meri Jaan will be staged on 20 July. It elaborates on the whimsical life in the tinsel town where every day hordes of people come flocking to the city achieve their dreams in life. Head over and witness the on-stage revival of 1950s.
Tribal artisans from all over the country will present craft items, handloom products, dry flowers, cane and bamboo products, tribal jewellery, dhokra craft, tribal weaves and embroidery, tribal paintings and a lot more.The main objective of organising Adishilp is to give tribal artisans an opportunity to showcase and sell their traditional arts and crafts directly to the customers and get feedback which would provide valuable inputs. It provides them a platform for direct interface with art and craft lovers, share their talent with the urban elite and know the customers’ tastes and preferences to change their product designs and creations.WHEN: OngoingWHERE: Dilli Haat
Kolkata: The state government has set up a committee to celebrate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.The committee was formed on April 18. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee is the chairperson of the 46-member committee. The state government has taken a set of decisions in the first meeting of the committee, that was held on Monday.Members of the committee, including MPs Sudip Banerjee and Subrata Bakshi, minister of state for Health Chandrima Bhattacharya and Chief Secretary Malay De were present in the meeting, headed by the Chief Minister. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsVice-chancellors of Calcutta University, Rabindra Bharati University, Presidency University and Jadavpur University were also present in the meeting. There would be a permanent chair in the name of Gandhiji in Calcutta University. The university would take the final decision in this connection soon.De said: “There is a Gandhi Bhavan at Beliaghata. Though at present it is maintained by the state Public Works Department (PWD), steps have been taken to completely take over the structure. Proper renovation of the structure will be undertaken, maintaining the heritage of the building. It will be done following discussions among committee members.” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedHe further said: “This year on October 2, a programme will be organised at Gandhi Bhavan.” The state government will plan the detailed programme accordingly. Some decisions regarding the celebration, have been taken. Based on the philosophy of Gandhiji, elocution and essay competitions will be held in schools, colleges and other educational institutions. The step has been taken to spread the messages of Gandhiji among people, the youth in particular. A booklet named as “Father of the Nation”, containing speeches of Gandhiji on different issues including communal harmony, national integration and patriotism, will be published on his birthday on October 2.”Since East Midnapore has a rich history of the freedom movement, the state government is looking into the formalities to name the university there on Gandhiji,” he said, adding that at the same time, the universities in the state will also organise programmes to celebrate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.Presidency University has a centre on Gandhian awareness, where they will organise seminars and symposiums in this regard.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee will set out for her tour to North Bengal on Monday.Banerjee will be holding several meetings in North Bengal, to take stock of the present situation of the work that has been taken up for overall development of the region.She will be holding district level administrative review meetings and attending programmes in North Bengal districts. She will also be holding discussions on different issues related to tea gardens and its employees. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe Chief Minister will be holding the district level administrative review meeting at the state government’s administrative headquarters in North Bengal – Uttar Kanya – on Monday evening.It may be mentioned that earlier, the administrative review meeting was scheduled to be held in Jalpaiguri. But later it was finalised that the meeting will be held in Uttar Kanya. Despite change in the venue of the administrative review meeting, the remaining schedule of the Chief Minister’s tour in North Bengal remains unchanged. Also Read – Naihati: 10 councillors return to TMC from BJPOn Tuesday, Banerjee will be visiting Changrabandha in Cooch Behar, where she will be attending a programme of the state government. She will also be holding a meeting at Changrabandha on the same day.On Wednesday, the Chief Minister will be holding the administrative review meeting of Alipurduar district at Birpara. She will be taking stock of the development works that have been taken up for Alipurduar, that has been curved out of Jalpaiguri as a new district. The present state government has played a major role in creation of Alipurduar district, that has ensured better execution of projects and schemes.During her visit to North Bengal, she will also speak to owners of tea gardens and its concerned authorities. Sources said that there will be discussion over the crucial issues related to the tea gardens. The matters about the employees will also come up in the meeting.The people of North Bengal are waiting for the moment of the Chief Minister’s arrival, as they will be receiving her at the airport with enthusiasm and congratulate her for ensuring overall development of the region.Senior police officers in North Bengal districts have taken all necessary steps to ensure that no untoward incident takes place during the Chief Minister’s visit.Security arrangement has been strengthened and both the bomb and dog squad have been carrying out frisking operations at different locations in North Bengal.
Kolkata: With Bengal standing fourth in the country in terms of listing of companies in BSE SME platform, the Mamata Banerjee government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), to create awareness among Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) entrepreneurs in the state, about benefits of Initial Public Offer (IPO) listing.It may be mentioned that till now, 18 companies from Bengal have been listed. The number is expected to go up by another 10 to 15 in the next six months. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeWith the 18 companies, Bengal stands as the fourth ranking state in the country to get companies listed to BSE, after Gujarat, Maharashtra and Delhi.Moreover, two companies from Bengal have gone to the main board from the SME platform.In the State MSME Conclave, the MoU was signed with an aim to spread awareness among MSME entrepreneurs about the benefits of listing. As per the MoU, the state Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises and Textiles department, in collaboration with chambers of commerce and industries, business associations and BSE, will take up hand-holding workshops and seminars to create awareness. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedApart from getting listed to the SME platform, there will be further encouragement in tapping domestic capital markets to leverage alternative options for access to capital for expansion and growth and gain visibility at the national level. BSE will provide intellectual and manpower support in such awareness programmes.Understanding the importance of MSME enterprises for the growth of the country’s economy, BSE had launched the SME platform in March 2012 and at present, BSE SME is having a market share of 70 percent. Ajay Thakur, Head of the BSE SME platform, said: “The awareness about the benefits of listing on SME exchange is less. There has been a myth that only large companies can get listed. Bengal being the largest hub of SMEs, will benefit immensely because of this MoU, which will facilitate the SMEs of the state in coming on BSE SME Platform and raise funds, which will further help them in unlocking their value, help in marketing and brand building. This will also help in creating strong balance sheets and increasing transparency in the company.”At the same time, there are around 6 companies in the SME platform of National Stock Exchange (NSE), which have also had an MoU with the Bengal government on Tuesday. The number of companies to get listed to the SME platform of NSE is also expected to increase in the next few months.
Kolkata: Rod Hilton, the Australian Deputy High Commissioner, said on Thursday that among the various states which are said to be the main focus of Australia, Bengal occupies the top preference.He took part in an interactive session at the Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry on Thursday afternoon.According to Hill, Bengal is of special importance to Australia in sectors like mining, resources, education, infrastructure, start-ups and tourism.Australia will be opening its fourth Consulate in India when it starts one in Kolkata end of this year or early January next year. The goal is to lift India among the top three export markets and make it the third largest destination for outward investments ($100 billion by 2035). Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeEfforts of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee to make the state a preferred business destination seems to be paying off as the Bengal Global Business Summit 2019 is likely to see a strong presence of Australian companies. This was revealed during a recent visit to Australia by the delegation of The Bengal Chamber of Commerce of Industry (BCC&I). Australian interest in Kolkata and Bengal received a big fillip after a report “An India Economic Strategy to 2035: Navigating from Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedPotential to Delivery” commissioned by the Australian government, was released to the public on July 12, 2018. The delegation from The Bengal Chamber had an extensive meeting with Tania Constable, CEO of MCA, the apex body of Australian mining companies, in the Australian capital Canberra. At the meeting, the BCCI was represented by past president CS Ghosh, newly elected president Indrajit Sen and Director General Subhodip Ghosh.
The newspaper titled The Sentinel, supports ‘Tohoku 365’ a project co-partnered by ‘Uranomi’ (a student group). The project aims at promoting the tourism and economy of Tohoku, post the destructive East Japan earthquake and tsunami. The project had launched a contest to award JPY 1 million ($ 9,385) each, to 6 people in order to tour the Tohoku region for a month and to write about its culture, food, scenic beauty and tourist destinations along with lesser-known places. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The main motive is to attract more tourists and to support the local economy. This competition is open to everyone above 18 years old and is on till June 30. To participate, one must visit the website- www.tohoku365.com. There are three rounds of selection process, where one has to upload a self promoting video on a video sharing website, and then get their CV judged and finally give an online interview. Out of all the applicants, 10 worthy ones will be chosen and will be paid an amount to travel the area, try the cuisine and write or create videos of their travel experience. It is a great opportunity for people to travel abroad and gather experience of new places, food and culture. People interested in photography, videography, food, and writing must try out the contest to get an experience of a lifetime in Japan!
Beat the winter hair-related blues with interesting, do-it-yourself recipes using castor, coconut and jojoba oils, says an expert.Jojoba oil is indeed a blessing as it is rich in important vitamins and minerals. And guess what? It suits all skin types. It is light, non-sticky, odorless, and has a long shelf life. This amazing oil offers a plethora of benefits. Read on to know more.* Three-oil warm massage: Take equal portions of castor oil, extra virgin coconut oil and jojoba oil and mix them. Warm the oil mixture in a microwave for 30 seconds and add an egg yolk, mix all the ingredients well and massage the mixture on your hair length. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfCastor oil and extra virgin coconut oil help in replenishing dry and dull hair, whereas the egg yolk helps in improving the texture, leaving the tresses soft and shiny.*Banana voluminising mask: Even if you have fine hair, sometimes dryness can occur, specially in winter. To make sure that you hair look hydrated, mix one mashed banana with a few drops of jojoba oil and one eggwhite. Apply this mixture and keep it on for half an hour before rinsing it with warm water.* Oil massage and towel wrap: Simply apply jojoba oil on your hair whenever you know that your hair feels dry and rough in winters. Massage the oil into your hair, section by section starting from the scalp to the ends, pack in a warm towel for 15-20 minutes. Rinse, wash and condition as usual.
Kolkata: Within 24 hours of announcement of the results of Lok Sabha Elections 2019, political violence erupted across the state. Trinamool Congress workers and supporters were allegedly attacked by BJP workers in several districts.In some places, BJP alleged that Trinamool workers attacked their workers instead and tried to instigate violence. However, both the parties have denied the allegations made against them. According to sources, in several districts of North Bengal, BJP workers and supporters allegedly attacked Trinamool workers and ransacked party offices. At Kalaikunda in West Midnapore, a Trinamool party office was vandalised and miscreants reportedly tore the flags of the party, whereas In Narayangarh the wife of a Trinamool worker was reportedly assaulted by BJP workers on Thursday night. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataOn Friday, Trinamool party offices at Sitai, Haribola and Giridhari areas in Cooch Behar were allegedly ransacked by BJP-backed hooligans. Local Trinamool leader Ashok Kumar Roy’s home was vandalised as well. Though Trinamool is pointing the finger at BJP for attacking them, saffron leadership has also alleged that Trinamool workers had planned to attack their workers. At Chila area in Tufangunj, Trinamool allegedly attacked a rally taken out by BJP workers to celebrate their win in Cooch Behar. Five BJP workers got injured in the incident. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateBJP workers reportedly took out another rally at Saltora in Bankura. At the same time, Saltora Trinamool block president Kalipada Roy was passing through the area. Seeing the rally, he reportedly got down from his car and misbehaved with the BJP supporters. Though the matter was settled immediate after the incident, on Friday morning some BJP workers allegedly vandalised Roy’s house in Saltora. Later, police went to the spot and brought the situation under control. In Durgapur, a Trinamool worker’s house was vandalised on Thursday night. According to sources, on Thursday night a few miscreants attacked the house of Trinamool worker Pratima Bagdi at Laudoha. She alleged that the miscreants were all BJP workers, which the leadership denied. Meanwhile on Thursday night, BJP and Trinamool workers also got involved in a clash at Shalimar gate number 5. Workers from both the parties reportedly pelted stones and bricks at each other. As a result, several persons from both the groups got injured. After being informed, police went to the spot and tried to control the situation. However, a few police personnel also got injured in the process. Later, a huge police force along with Rapid Action Force (RAF) and combat force reached the spot and controlled the situation.
Exposure to adverse events as children – including physical and emotional neglect, violence, and sexual abuse – is strongly associated with adolescent depression and violence perpetrated by young people in poor urban areas around the world, including India, a study has found. Based in multiple countries across five continents, a study, published recently, found that boys are suffering even more than girls. “This is the first global study to investigate how a cluster of traumatic childhood experiences known as ACEs, or adverse childhood experiences, work together to cause specific health issues in early adolescence with terrible, life-long consequences,” said Robert Blum, from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in the US. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”While we found young girls often suffer significantly, contrary to common belief, boys reported even greater exposure to violence and neglect, which makes them more likely to be violent in return,” Blum said. The study catalogued the ACEs suffered by 1,284 adolescents aged 10 to 14 in 14 “low-income urban settings” around the world. It found remarkably common experiences with trauma – and very similar impacts – regardless of where the children lived, which included Vietnam, China, Bolivia, Egypt, India, Kenya, UK and the US. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe report is the first to include an assessment of how adversity impacts young children in multiple low – and middle-income countries, where the vast majority of the 1.8 billion 10- to 24-year-olds worldwide live – about a quarter of the global population. The study found that 46 per cent of young adolescents reported experiencing violence, 38 per cent suffered emotional neglect and 29 per cent experienced physical neglect. However, boys stood out in several categories. For both boys and girls, the more adversity they experienced, the more likely they were to engage in violent behaviours, such as bullying, threatening or hitting someone. The effect of the adversity was more pronounced for boys than girls, with boys 11 times more likely to be engaged in violence, and girls four times more likely to be violent. The study also found that, in general, the cumulative effect of their traumas tended to produce higher levels of depressive symptoms among girls than boys, while boys tended to show more external aggression than girls. The study is part of the Global Early Adolescent Study, a major collaboration of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health to understand more about the development of gender stereotypes in early adolescence and their impact on adolescent health around the world. It supports a key conclusion from a major new report to be released next week at Women Deliver in Vancouver, Canada based on a global coalition of adolescent health experts: that the world will never achieve gender equality “by focusing on girls and women alone and excluding boys and men.”
In 2009 the first annual Festival Internacional del Paste (International Pasty Festival) was held in Real Del Monte, Hidalgo in Mexico. Three years later, the festival was attracting thousands of visitors and had become such a hit with locals that they decided to open the world’s first Cornish Pasty Museum.The classic Cornish Pasty had come a long way from its original home in Cornwall, United Kingdom, where it developed in the tin mining communities as a hearty lunch in it’s own robust package. Pastry was folded into large D-shaped pockets and stuffed with beef, turnips or swedes (rutabagas), potatoes and onions. The crimped edge was designed to be held by dirty hands during a lunch break down in the mine, and this solid crust was often discarded rather than eaten. The pasty became a Cornish community staple.A Cornish Pasty made by Warrens. Photo by David Johnson CC BY-SA 3.0In the 19th century, the British pastry lovers traveled from their home near the Celtic Sea to North America. There, they founded Cornish mining towns in places like Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Illinois, Montana, South Dakota, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Colorado, and California.An engraving of Cornish miners, 1866.The Cornish miners brought their culture with them, including their love for their traditional Cornish pasty and the British sport of football (soccer). But what the Cornish miners brought to the city of Real Del Monte was truly remarkable, especially for the Mexican locals.Cornish pasties in the oven. Photo by Visitor7 CC BY-SA 3.0The mines of Real Del Monte had been a bountiful source of silver during the three centuries that Spain ruled Mexico (1521 to 1821). But by 1824, the mines were flooded, and the once prosperous city of was feeling the pinch.That’s when a group of English investors bought the mines, formed the Company of the Gentlemen Adventurers, and invited more than 130 mining engineers from Cornwall to resurrect the great mining project.Acosta Mine (Museum) in Real del Monte, Hidalgo State, Mexico.While many of these miners died of yellow fever shortly after disembarking in Veracruz, the rest finally arrived in Real Del Monte to resurrect the mining industry.They pulled Cornish steam engines through rainforests and marshes, drained the water from the Real Del Monte mines, and used their technology and experience to repair and “upgrade” the silver mines.Monument to the Miner in Real de Monte Photo by Richardth -CC BY-SA 3.0The first wave of Cornish miners and engineers were followed by many others, and by the 1840s over 300 of them were working in the Real Del Monte mines.A town in Mexico has banded together to make the worlds biggest Cornish pastyIn the 1830s and 1840s, up to 350 Cornish immigrants were working in the surrounding mines. Some of them returned to the United Kingdom, but many of the miners stayed in Mexico.The Cornish mining intervention brought more than modern technology and economic prosperity to the region. The Mexican people also fell in love with the Cornish pasty and with the Cornish game of football.Cornish pasty shop in Real del Monte.Since becoming a Mexican favorite, the dish (which they call “Paste”) has been tweaked to include peppers, hot chili sauce, chicken, and pineapples. It is often washed down with pulche — a local hooch made from the leaves of the Agave Cactus.Read another story from us: Dangerous Brew: Coffee Drinkers Lost their Head under this Sultan’s RuleThe 2011 grand opening of the Cornish Pasty Museum was led by five expert Mexican bakers who traveled to Cornwall, United Kingdom, to master the art of crimping and shaping the pasty crust.In 2015, Oxford businessman Malcolm Ball pledged to create “Planet Hollywood with a Cornish twist” by opening a second Cornish Pasty Museum in Britain, where the famous recipe was conceived.
The Hopi Native Americans are a cultural group often referred to as “the oldest of people” by other Native American tribes. In his Book of the Hopi, American writer Frank Waters says that they “regard themselves as the first inhabitants of America” and that “their village of Oraibi is indisputably the oldest continuously occupied settlement in the United States.” The Hopi are mainly agricultural people who live in the American Southwest, mainly in Arizona where today their Hopi reservation covers a land area of over 2,500 sq mi. They cultivate dozens of varieties of corn, beans, pumpkins, cotton, sunflower, and squash which they also use for producing tools and instruments.Hopi girlsThe Hopi are widely known for their spirituality and beliefs rooted in Animism. They believe in powerful ancestral spirits or deities called Kachinas. They can be animals or natural elements that possess the magical power of healing, bringing rainfall, and protecting the Hopi tribe.“In spirit and in ceremony, the Hopis maintain a connection with the center of the earth, for they believe that they are the earth’s caretakers, and with the successful performance of their ceremonial cycle, the world will remain in balance, the gods will be appeased, and rain will come.” – The Wind Won’t Know Me: A History of the Navajo-Hopi land dispute by Emily Benedek, published in 1992.Hopi woman, 1922. Photo by Edward S. CurtisThe Hopi tribe are the guardians of their rites and knowledge of their ancestors. Their ceremonies take place in semi-underground chambers called kivas. During their sacred rituals, the Hopi wear masks and costumes to impersonate kachinas.Hopi girl, 1922. Photo by Edward S. CurtisThe entrance to the kivas is through a tiny hole on the surface and symbolizes the gate to the underworld, while a ladder moving up above an opening on the roof represents the pathway to this world.Today, there are kivas in all traditional Hopi villages, which count 12, and are situated just below the central square.Hopi Women’s Dance, 1879, Oraibi, Arizona. Photo by John K. HillersNot many details about the rituals and ancestors of the Hopi are certain because they tend to carry them in great secrecy.It is believed that they descended from the Ancestral Pueblo, just like other Native Americans inhabiting the Southwest (not counting the Navajo with whom the Hopi have had a long history of disputes).Hopi woman dressing hair of unmarried girl, c. 1900. Photo by Henry PeabodyIn their stories and traditional beliefs, the Hopi lived in many different places before they finally settled on this world. They consider this World to be the Fourth and they arrived here following a difficult journey through which they searched for a home.They believe that the First World was destroyed by fire, the Second one by Ice, and the Third World by floods. They were finally led to the Fourth World by their deities.Hopi girl. Photo by Edward S. CurtisTheir oral history stretches back thousands of years which is a big reason they are believed to have one of the oldest living cultures in the world. Archaeology has affirmed their presence in the Southwest for thousands of years, and possibly longer.They introduced chieftains to their villages when they started growing in size, around the 14th and 15th centuries, to improve coordination of their daily activities.Hopi mother, 1921Despite their savage dispute with the neighboring Navajo, the Hopi’s violent history began with their first contact with the Spaniards who disturbed the tribe’s way of living.They started sending missionaries from Spain and although the Hopis pretended to accept Christianity, they have still continued their own rituals and blended elements of both.To this day, the Hopi tend to keep their traditions as much alive as possible. They still keep their centuries-old architecture of the emblematic terraced structures of stone and brick buildings.Read another story from us: The Legendary Chief Who Almost Unified All Native AmericansThey still take care of the same land where their ancestors settled and cultivate the same fields as centuries ago, while local craftsmen continue to create popular traditional jewelry and items.
When it comes to international diplomacy, the simplest methods are sometimes the best. Negotiations between nations can be a tangled process, with potential disaster waiting around every turn. So much as a misplaced word can unbalance the progress of history. The United States has seen its fair share of major conflicts, yet has developed a surprisingly homespun way of putting certain visitors at ease. One infamous occasion was in June 1939, when King George VI and Queen Elizabeth left Buckingham Palace and touched down on American soil.King George VI and Queen Elizabeth at Toronto City Hall, 1939.The visit was more than just a hearty handshake across the Atlantic. Hitler was a formidable enemy and American assistance was needed. By seeing the sights and pressing the flesh, it was hoped President Franklin D. Roosevelt would supply much-needed support.Their hosts took them on a formal tour of Washington with all the whistles and bells that might be expected of such a momentous trip. However they also insisted on a down to earth approach that saw the King and Queen enjoying the countryside at Hyde Park.Franklin D. Roosevelt and Fala in the White House study, December 20, 1941.The Royals were no doubt familiar with Hyde Park, London. The American one was a little different, a town (FDR’s hometown in fact) bordering the Hudson River and part of Dutchess County New York.The President’s cottage was the perfect venue to shoot the breeze and enjoy simpler fare than the banquets the guests had been used to. But what to serve at the picnic? The answer lay in a defining American meat product… the humble hot dog.Writing in 2009, the New York Times said “the United States has developed over the years a disarming way to put its foreign guests at ease. It is to offer that most unassuming of American food items, one long associated with baseball, barbecues and occasional gastrointestinal distress.”Governor Nelson Rockefeller, Henry Cabot Lodge and New York Attorney General Louis Lefkowitz gulp hot dogs at a Coney Island hotdog stand. Photo by Seymour Wally/NY Daily News Archive via Getty ImagesThe historic face to face between King and President is thought to be the earliest example of this questionable foodstuff playing a role in world politics. Here it was hoped taste would overcome quality in this more relaxed setting, even though the food was served on a silver tray.As outlined in a 2010 Mental Floss article, the menu consisted of dogs (“if weather permits”), ham, turkey, cranberry jelly, salad and strawberry shortcake.The Roosevelts with the King and Queen of Great Britain sailing from Washington, D.C. to Mt. Vernon, Virginia on the USS Potomac. June 9, 1939.George was anxious about the meeting, not only because of what was at stake. As depicted by Colin Firth in the movie The King’s Speech (2010) he talked with a stutter and wasn’t confident at articulating himself.Another film, 2012’s Hyde Park On Hudson, dramatized the meeting and showed George (Samuel West) worried about the business of eating the hot dog in front of others.Roosevelt (Bill Murray) highlighted his paralysis — believed at the time to be polio, but subsequently GBS (Guillain–Barré syndrome) — to draw a comparison between the two leaders.Close up of President Roosevelt and King George VI as they drive from Union Station to the White House. June 8, 1939.In the end King George reportedly washed his dog down with a beer before going back for second helpings. The Queen, on the other hand, found it more a challenge.Quoting Dan Barry in NYT, a 2017 Smithsonian.com piece detailed FDR’s straightforward recommendation to a head of state’s culinary inquiry. “According to one story, the queen supposedly asked Roosevelt how one ate a hotdog. ‘Very simple. Push it into your mouth and keep pushing it until it is all gone,’ he is said to have told her. She elected to use a knife and fork instead of taking this folksy advice.”Following the clash of cultures and breaking of bread — or at least hot dog buns — the King and Queen returned home. President Roosevelt took to the airwaves over a year later in Christmas 1940 to announce the provision of supplies for the UK. Pearl Harbor a year later brought America squarely into the mix.The hot dog played an exceedingly minor role in proceedings. But it would be called upon again, sometimes to thaw particularly frosty relations.Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev landed in the States in 1959. The Times describes how “At one point he stopped at a packing plant in Des Moines, where he ate his first hot dog — although at least one account says his first bite had to wait until security agents waved a Geiger counter over the dog. A mere cold war formality.”A radioactive frankfurter would be a unusual way to get rid of someone. That said, the field of international intrigue has seen stranger.Read another story from us: FDR’s Decision to Move Thanksgiving Day for Shopping Purposes Backfired WildlyThe hot dog has proved useful to successive administrations over the years. It’s sustained Americans through ball games and national holidays. So as a key part of the nation’s identity it made perfect sense for the President to deploy the sausage, as what could almost be called a weapon of mass digestion.